The story of the Cornwall and West Devon
Mining Landscape World Heritage Site
- 'Cornish Mining'
The Site consists of the most authentic and historically significant
surviving components of the Cornwall and west Devon mining landscape
from the period 1700 to 1914. This
cultural landscape is a testament to the profoundly important process of
pioneering metal mining, to its industrialisation, and to the
innovations which occurred here and had fundamental influence on the
mining world at large during the nineteenth century. There are
ten Areas in the site whose landscapes represent former mining
districts, ancillary industrial concentrations and associated
settlements. They share a common identity despite having developed
separately from one another. The story of 'Cornish Mining'
incorporates the following important elements:
Natural Landscapes - the backdrop
against which 'Cornish Mining' took place and without
whose mineralogical resource it could not have taken place.
History - Industrialisation shaped and
made possible modern global society. Cornwall and west Devon were one
of the areas where this process began.
Technological Advances - Remarkable
advances in mining and engineering technologies were made during the
18th and 19th centuries and exported all around the world.
People and Cultural traditions
- Thousands of ordinary men, women and children contributed to the
industrial revolution, transforming the landscape, forging
strong community identities, innovating technological advances and
Physical Monuments - the distinctive
and authentic remains of industrialisation can be found
throughout the region. Imposing engine houses, mine sites, industrial
harbours and tramways, foundries, fuseworks, town and villages,
nonconformist chapels, grand houses and gardens of the mineral lords,
miners' smallholdings, technology schools and institutes are all
recognisable features of the 'Cornish Mining' landscape.